Precautions When Using Salt to Treat White Spot and Fish Diseases

The above video deals with some precautions about using salt. It's practically impossible to end up in trouble with it –  but there are times when I'd be “Ehhhhh not so much” on it.
Practically ALWAYS when treating White Spot disease (Ick) (Ich) but for most everything else, Formalin Malachite Green is usually better.

#erikjohnsondvm #fishdiseases #whitespot #sickfish #fishtreatments 

This video takes the book “Saving Sick Fish” a little deeper in looking at salt and some things to be careful of when treating for example, we don't like Salt in warm, cloudy water. And if there are a lot of live plants, the plant die-off could corrupt the system equilibrium. More.

Questions About Dog Adoption and Fish White Spot or Hexamita Answered Free.

You can ask these questions and more and Dr Johnson will answer FROM HIS PUBLISHED WORKS.
This means that A.I. scours everything he's written and puts it into an answer on his website.
It's artificial intelligence applied, BUT at least it comes from valid information and not a patch work of random Internet articles. Does it fail? AI sometimes doesn't understand the question – or maybe I just don't know the answer so it's not in the database. But give it a try.
And it's free.

Dr. Erik L Johnson
3100 Roswell Road, Suite 113
Marietta, GA 30062

Dr Erik Johnson Provides Downloads, Videos, Articles and Web pages Galore on Social Media

On almost every Social Media platform you can find me at @erikjohnsondvm
Dr. Erik L Johnson
3100 Roswell Road, Suite 113
Marietta, GA 30062

Astaxanthin, Resveratrol, and Turmeric for Dogs

These doses are based on averages given in the literature for doses WELL UNDER the doses that caused GI upset. All three compounds are GRAS and the resveratrol was not associated with ANY of the compounds in grapes that cause problems in canines. At all.
The chart has “doses” that are based on the ability to find these things on places like Amazon.
So you would just search “Resveratrol 250mg” on Amazon to find that. It's not a common size. But it's there.

Toxicity of Shamrock Plants to Dogs and Cats

Shamrock plants, often bought near St. Patrick's Day as gifts, are considered lucky but pose a threat to pets. 
If ingested, these three-leaved plants, also known as wood sorrel, can be toxic to cats, dogs, or horses due to soluble oxalate salts in the leaves. Unlike harmless clover, shamrock plants, usually grown indoors or in gardens, have bitter leaves that may not deter all curious pets. 
Like other poisonous houseplants, it's crucial to keep shamrock plants out of reach or replace them with pet-friendly options. If present where your horse grazes, remove the plant. 
 The toxicity arises from soluble oxalate salts in the leaves, binding with calcium in the pet's body and causing a drop in blood calcium. 
Long-term consumption can lead to kidney stones, while large amounts in a short period may result in acute kidney failure. 
 If your pet consumes a shamrock plant, contact your veterinarian promptly. 
While poisoning is rare, even small doses of soluble oxalate salts can irritate the stomach, causing symptoms like drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea. 
Watch for additional signs such as tremors, lethargy, changes in urination, water consumption, and bloody urine. 

Regardless of symptoms, seek veterinary advice, as the danger level varies based on your pet's size and health conditions. If unable to reach your vet, contact the Pet Poison Helpline at 800-213-6680 or the ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center at 1-800-548-2423 for guidance on monitoring symptoms and determining the need for emergency care.

Dogs With This Condition Should Be Fasted

My dog is picky and sometimes won’t even eat. How do I get him to eat if he’s not hungry? 

This is a great question because it calls on a specific answer created under certain circumstances. That is, a great paragraph that addresses “not eating” in dogs from all walks of life.

“Not eating” can be a genuine ‘thing’ if a dog is skinny. All skinny dogs, IF HEALTHY, will eat encouragingly well. 

What is skinny? 

Answer: A body condition score of three plus or lower. 

What’s a Body Condition Score?

You can determine the dogs Body Condition Score from that article and the models of the scores depicted. 

What if the “not eating” dog is actually “A little heavy”?

If the Body Condition Score is a 4plus or even 5minus, or higher; not-eating is okay: 

That is: IF the dog is otherwise engaged in regular behavior, interest in family goings-on. 

If a dog ACTS sick, or has diarrhea or vomiting, no matter what it’s weight is: It’s probably “actually” unwell. 

The following scenario is rather common among “normal weight” BCSfour to BCSfourplus dogs: These dogs, if given a “pretty-okay-tasting” dry food fed dry twice a day, may eat lightly, or even skip a meal. That’s totally normal. 

When a dog is quite a bit heavier, for example a BCSfive or even BCS6 it’s VERY common for these dogs to be brewing a case of chronic “pancreatitis” 

( )

And it’s (pancreatitis) almost “for sure” if the dog is a bCS5plus over 8 years old. 

All you would see is a heavy dog that occasionally, or even over a few days did NOT want to eat. This is because the “pancreas is flared up” and doesn’t cool off until the dog has fasted itself for a day or two. Coaxing these dogs to eat is to prolong a pancreatitis episode. 

Some owners already know their dog has pancreatitis and recognizes the symptom of “not eating” and sometimes, “spitting up” and lets them go hungry for a day or two. 

A heavy dog can EASILY skip two days of dry food fed dry without mixing anything in it. And probably should. 

A skinny dog that won’t eat for a day or two is cause for concern. Especially if it’s at or over 12 years old because organ failure could be brewing. 

Not-So-Fun-Fact. In 1944-1945 some jerk wanted to know how long a person and a dog could go without food before dying. They found out that a regular person and a regular dog could go 30 days without food before ANY damage occurred and that, tragically, the next 15 days without food caused serious and eventually irreversible damage. 

Valuable Takeaway:  Owners should not worry about a dog that doesn’t eat for two or even three days. 

AS LONG AS IT ACTS “Pretty okay” and doesn’t have diarrhea or vomiting. 


A skinny dog should eat “pretty well” and if it doesn’t it’s probably unwell. 

A regular dog can skip one to four meals without signaling illness unless there are concurrent signs of depression, vomiting or diarrhea. 

An overweight dog may skip meals due to pancreatitis (detectable with blood test) especially if the dog is over 10-11 years old. 


1. Don’t ply a dog to eat. You can NOT determine if a dog is sick if it eats bacon or a hamburger because a dog will take hamburger no matter how sick it is. Then it’s too late. When someone tells my my dog hasn’t eaten it’s food in three solid days –  I get concerned. 

2. If the dog is at or over a BCS5 —> Count it as lucky it’s not eating because for medical and weight-loss reasons, a FAST is recommended. 

3. The presence of diarrhea, depression or vomiting negate the entire content of this article: Such a pet should see a veterinarian. 

It’s election season, and we need to beware our news!

“A frothed-up, agitated consumer checks their feed OFTEN and spends increased time commenting and sharing.“
Facebook sells advertising, and needs you “on” as long as possible. Facebook learns what you like, and what you read. If you read conspiracy theories, you will quickly be loaded up. If you read about how “The Other Party” is plotting Armageddon, you will get TONS of supporting content. Whatever you believe, you will rabidly believe EVEN MORE, because Facebook spares you all disliked content. (By design: Half the time, that’s content containing more of the truth).
Whatever you believe, you will soon believe in EVEN MORE.
A frothed-up, agitated consumer checks their feed OFTEN and spends increased

time commenting and sharing.
⭐️ And looking at Facebook pop-ups, thank you.
Please, get your news somewhere with facts. Not just inflammatory, one-sided “shreditorials.” Don’t be “that guy” regardless of your “side” because you’re BOTH being played for clicks.
Stop Reading cause it gets Cringey: It’s ironic that generations of people have quoted “Revelation 13:17” I sardonically called Mark Zuckerberg the “Mark” of the Beast once. Then, I scratched my head and thought, “Wow that’s actually appropriate.”
English Standard Version …so that no one can buy or sell unless he has the Mark, that is, the name of the beast or the number of its name”

Breakthrough in Feeding Dogs and Cats

People have struggled with the weight of their dogs, and CATS especially for a long time.
Putting a cat on a “diet” usually fails because the cats pester the owners while they try to sleep. Finally the owner gives up and decides “FINE STAY FAT”
With dogs, your family can double feed, over pour, mis-measure and add stuff to the food while they feed.
All that is solved with a good Automatic Feeder.
Yeah, I thought I didn't need one, too.
I thought “What a luxury. Not worth it.”
Now I think I'd never NOT have one.
With an autofeeder:
  1. Cats stop bothering you for food because they realize it's the Feeder and NOT YOU they have to bother.
  2. Dogs, same.
  3. Feeding a specified amount of dry food twice a day pulls weight off fat dogs.
  4. Not begging is nice
  5. Not being tempted to Put Something On The Food and fatten a dog up is nice.
All of this, with the wonder of an automatic feeder. I compare a couple here at

How Much Should I Feed My Dog?

Badlands Ranch Beef & Salmon diet. 

That diet is interesting because it’s not the usual low-carb spread, it’s 30% protein and over 20% carbs. It’s fine as long as feeding that achieves a Body Condition Score of (BCS) BCS = 4-minus 

What’s a BCS 4 Minus? 


Since that particular diet is 440c/cup and Charley is 10 pounds, you would feed 1/4 cup twice a day. And even that might be a LITTLE too much so if she got a bit rotund (BCS 4 plus) you’d cut back to 3 tbsp twice a day. 

I made a list of the BEST diets you could buy face-to-face in Marietta. Several from Hollywood Feed, some from Petco, and one from Costco. The one from Costco is JUST as good as the other six.

^^^These diets are held out as “good for skin and allergies” but in fact they are just top notch diets being free of chicken, free of grains, and they’re based on Salmon. 

Then if you wanted to actually cook for your dog, the easiest and best home cooked diet is the Salmon, Whey and Sweet Potato diet. There are two versions, one is “regular Carb” and the other is “Low Carb” and both are here:

^^^ The page contains the diet RECIPES and also, the breakout sheet of all the nutrients and their percentages and actually how much to feed. 

Do Dogs Suffer From “Reactive Attachment Disorder?”

Good morning. Hope you are doing great.   Theres a question that has been in my mind the last couple of weeks and you are the right person to ask about it:

Q: Does dogs/cats feel the same we do?  

A: They feel fear, anxiety, happiness, love, even hate. They do not seem to manifest the “seven deadly sins” that mankind does. They TEND not to engage any of the Holy Commandments either. They’re just not greedy, lustful, conniving, gluttonous, deceitful, etc. They’re pretty ‘straightup’ guys. 

Q: If an animal is born at a shelter, and goes through 3 different fosters before finding the forever home, is that animal emotionally affected by this? 

A: Yes they can be. Dogs and cats need consistency and they need a pack. It’s QUITE ALRIGHT if a consistent, sweet pack exists for the dog or cat throughout it’s youth –  from different people. 

So, a dog or cat would be “fine” if it went through three stable, consistent, non-chaotic foster homes. 

However that’s not how it happens. 

A dog or kitten that has been through several foster homes OFTEN did it this way: 

  1. Forever home
  2. Didn’t work out, back to kennel
  3. New foster home. 
  4. Couldn’t be fostered anymore went back to kennel 
  5. Another forever home
  6. Didn’t work out, went to another forever home. 

And the DIFFERENCE is that the dogs are taken from a “livingroom sofa home” and put in an aggregate location kennel and THEN put back in a “livingroom sofa home” again. Chaos. 

There is no stability and it’s punctuated by being put back into a crowded place with a bunch of other dogs between stops. 

So it doesn’t have to be the same, actual  people. But that’s NICE. 

But it does have to be about the same “structure and pace” and pack size. 

The dogs would experience a LOT less damage if they could go from a “home to home” instead of back into a structureless chaotic kennel / dog runs situation between accommodations. 


Dogs have “Reactive Attachment Disorder” from being neglected while young. So a dog or cat that doesn’t have human attention for the first 3-4 months of life –  MAY NOT NEED IT by they time they get it. And they might not know how to act. And they might even be sociopaths and willing to bite people because they’re not socialized, nor beholden. 

People aren’t a “thing” in the life of some neglected dogs. They’re fearful, heartless and non-dependent. 

Q: How is that different from being in different homes forever?  Wouldn't the animal assume that's how life is and not feel emotionally hurt? 

A: GREAT question. When a dog goes from MY HOME to YOUR HOME –  it’s not emotionally hurt. It doesn’t subjectify “Why didn’t my first owner want me?”  

It wonders where “that guy” went. And why it lives in a new home. But, because dogs are QUICKLY “in the moment” and eternally optimistic and positive: Well-adjusted dogs quickly settle in with the new, supportive and calm “pack” they’ve fallen in with. 

Normal dogs love people. Wherever they find them. 

Neurotic neglected dogs (especially practically all members of certain breeds like the Five German Attack Breeds) may never trust or “need” a human and could remain a “skittish liability” for their entire lives. 

Never should a person adopt a dog that’s “Just skittish” because you deserve a dog that loves you, accepts your support and kindness, and views people as trustworthy, worthwhile company.  Not seeing people as a source of terror. Let someone else with lots more time, patience and better insurance for dog bites rehabilitate a neurotic, neglected or inbred psychotic dog. 

“Get the dog at the FRONT of the cage. Not the back of the cage.”