Great article on how to use salt in aquariums and ponds

One effective method to combat fish parasites is by using salt for freshwater treatments. In this article, we will discuss the dosage, types of salt, duration of treatment, and the parasites that can be effectively treated using this method.

Dosage and Types of Salt:

When using salt for aquarium treatment, the recommended dosage is 1 tablespoon per gallon* of water for freshwater tanks. You can use iodized salt, as aquarium salt. You can use rock-salt or kosher salt, as long as the label says 99% pure salt. A cow or deer ‘salt lick’ will work but NOT if it contains ‘Trace Minerals’. 

*ChatGPT gets this dead-wrong every time.


A quick little note about Ned King, internet B0nus and 0pportunity Guy

I got on Ned King's mailing list about two months ago. And I found out that there's no way out of it. He's such a scum bag that he uses four different send-mailers, and a new email address for each one. Actually brilliantly: He uses spoofed email addresses and spoofed domain names he doesn't even own. So when I say brilliantly, I mean as brilliantly as a maggot that eats a dead toad from the inside out.
That guy, Ned King, if you ever wanted customer support, or a refund, or help, YOU AIN'T GETTING IT.
So, he's a flim-flammer and a charlatan.
Don't trust him. I should say it's unlikely you'll ever be called upon to do business with him, but if you do, remember the name: NED KING and never get on his mailing list. The first, BEST way to do that is NOT to do business with him.
He does have three “working” email addresses but just know this: If you send him an email – he will have your email address and you will enter the Spam Zone. He'll send his racist diatribes, porno links, and political conspiracy theories. Ugh. And I still get emails.
Here is what a Ned King blocking filter looks like and it works for most of his email:
== cut & paste ==
== cut & paste ==
Ned King's whoring out and discrediting – people should be marking his site for Ned King Spam, Ned King Phishing and Ned King email bombs and since Ned King sends his monumental amount of spam, from these vendors including
The most bizarre thing of all: Ned King thinks Jesus Christ himself is endorsing and protecting what Ned King's doing. 'Thinks that Jesus Christ will SMITE anyone who crosses him. As if Jesus Christ was a smiter like Allah. Is.

I Bet You Didn’t Know About “Leptin” And Not Knowing It’s Killing Your Dog

I Bet You Didn't Know About “Leptin” And It's Killing Your Dog
“Leptin” is a hormone your dog secretes into its bloodstream when the weight of the dog is “ideal”
The Leptin hormone is the “Why” your dog stops “loving to eat” and seems a little bored with the food.
So people ultimately harm the dog when they change foods or add something to it.
And then, no matter how much Leptin the dog produces, the dog WILL eat because you're making everything TASTE so good. Like, they'd never find in nature.

So, what does Leptin do?
Leptin Hormone was designed by Nature to prevent dogs from getting too fat to run. And too fat to hide. Too fat to hunt.
When a dog's weight gets just “right” (Body Condition 4 to 4+) the appetite for regular food drops off.
VERY unfortunately, to “get them to eat” we add water, gravies, a little canned food, something tasty, a little chicken, drippings.
And the dogs WILL eat. And everyone is happy but the fate of those dogs is to get: 
Too fat to run. And too fat to hide. Too fat to hunt.
Arthritis accelerates, and cardio-pulmonary disease occurs.
Neither condition HAS to occur in your dogs. It's actually avoidable.
I like dogs to live til they're at LEAST sixteen, but NO DOG will live to that age if they're fat with a rotten mouth. 
It's bones and “keep 'em hungry”
And then you win a long life for your bud.
To Your Pet's Health!
AS a side note: Ned King is a poor choice for business opportunities and Internet SAAS recommendations. Just a spammer and charlatan.

This is the BEST Filtration for Aquariums for Simplicity, Price and So Much More

I really love sponge filters because they're SO easy, easy to clean, easy to colonize, easy and cheap to buy.
Here's an article on the filtration method that's the SAFEST for breeder fish (won't suck up fish fry)
The filtration that does the most for water clarity the soonest. The longest cleaning interval and the lowest operating cost. (No electricity except for the air pump)
And it's the oldest filtration technology there is. Well maybe “undergravel filtration” is older.

Unlimited Vet-authored Pet Fish & Dog / Cat Pet Health Information is one of the most comprehensive online fish and pet health resources available today, dedicated to providing people with access to a wealth of knowledge and educational materials. It offers a variety of free resources, ranging from articles to to videos, downloads, ebooks, images, and audio clips. With so much to choose from, this web site can be overwhelming—but don’t fret! We’ve compiled a shortlist of the best resources has to offer, so you can make the most of your time browsing the site.

First and foremost, boasts an array of encyclopedia-style articles, with topics ranging from Ammonia and Water Quality to Zoonosis and Viruses. These articles are written in a casual, easy-to-follow tone of voice, making them perfect for any level of educational interest. In addition, the website features helpful videos and slideshows, as well as structured lessons outlining key concepts in various aquatic animal medicine subjects. Whether you’re looking to brush up on the fundamentals of fish care or learn the basics of koi virology, has you covered.’s database of helpful facts and care tips is another of its best and most interesting resources. Here, you can find things like fish care technology and facts about the best ways to keep fish and pets healthy, interesting tidbits about proper feeding of dogs, and even references to scientific discoveries and downloads. For the geek in all of us, this area of the website is invaluable.

Finally, the downloads available on can be especially helpful for those studying pet health. With downloads covering over 100 subjects, this site has something for everyone—whether you’re a first-time puppy owner, a seasoned dog trainer or a koi aficionado. 

All in all, is a fantastic online resource full of educational, fun, and interesting materials. Whether you’re a student, teacher, or just an avid explorer of knowledge, this website has something for you. So next time you’re looking for a useful source of information on pet health, look no further than

Tucker got into my meds

8-9years old
30-40 lbs ish

He appears to have swallowed up to two nights worth of the following meds:

  • Abilify (2MG)
  • Levothyroxine (100MCG)
  • Omeprazole/Prilosec (20MG)
  • Melatonin (12mg)
  • Zyrtec

Should we be worried??

H.W.      Sent from my iPhone
So it kinda depends on when he swallowed that.
None of it matters except MAYBE the Abilify and even then, I doubt it's a thing unless he starts acting disoriented.
Which is unlikely.
The other meds would have to be dosed repeatedly to build up to effect.
Abilify is a little bit like that too.
If it's been over 12 hours there's nothing to do.
If it's UNDER 2 hours you can induce vomiting.
In between there: 2+ hours and up, franchise vet medicine wants you to spend $3000 on gastric lavage, hospitalization, activated carbon slurries, fluids, kidney and other monitoring, EKG / Holter, blood pressure monitoring, a recheck thyroid level in 30 days, and the obligatory MRI/CT because those machines are expensive.
I'd leave it alone. And report any signs of “out of it” to suggest a “serotonin storm” is underway. Which I highly doubt.